Kirjat, konfliktit ja oppineet Johanneksen evankeliumissa
Books, Conflicts and the Learned in John’s Gospel — It is frequently assumed that texts and their interpretation were among the disagreements the Johannine community dealt with. This study seeks to dispel the conflict paradigm by taking a closer look at ancient practices related to book production and consumption. Authors of the early Christian gospels, including John’s, must have belonged to networks of people with literary interests. John’s gospel produces an image of the disciples as one such textual community, but it neither reveals nor explains when the disciples had begun their work of textual interpretation. Ancient accounts of how the learned conducted discussions about books set the background for how Jesus and his opponents engaged in debate on scriptures. Comparison to the pseudo- Clementine Klementia reveals that John’s gospel pays little attention to the views attributed to the opponents of Jesus, focusing very much instead on the character of Jesus as the authoritative in- terpreter of scriptures.
Mu‘taziliittinen teologia eläinten kärsimyksestä
Mu‘tazilite Theology on Animal Suffering — The article deals with the problem of animal suffering in the Mu‘tazila theological school, the most prominent one of the first Islamic cen- turies. Divine justice is one of the two primary principles for the Mu‘tazilites and concerns also non-human animals. Consequently, Mu‘tazilite ethics requires that humans not cause needless suffering, not only to one another but also to animals. The article comprises three sections. The first introduces the concepts of Mu‘tazilite ethics on a general level. The second discusses the solution provided by ‘Abd al-Jabbār (d. ca. 1024), the most prominent Mu‘tazilite theologian, to the contradiction between divine justice and animal suffering. The third shows how al-Jāh.iz. (d. 868), a literary author influenced by Mu‘tazilite theology, employs the conceptual framework of Mu‘tazilite ethics to discuss a concrete problem concerning the treatment of animals. The Mu‘tazilite example furthermore serves the larger goal of calling into question the categorical claim about the inherent anthropocentrism of the Islamic worldview.
Jumalansa unohtaneiden uskonnollisuus: Sairaalapappien tulkinnat uskonnollisuudesta hoivakodeissa
How Might Those Who Have Forgotten God Express Their Faith: Religiousness and Dementing Illnesses — The Constitution of Finland secures the freedom to practice one’s religion for all citizens. How- ever, there is a rapidly growing group of people whose freedom of religion is compromised today –namely, people with dementing illnesses. How should the freedom of religion be secured if a person forgets who God is? Ten priests working mainly in nursing homes were interviewed to understand expressions of faith in people with dementia. Priests interpreted various expres- sions of faith: emotional responses to religious situations, the ability to participate in religious rites, and the ability to differentiate between secular and religious situations. The results may be utilized in recognizing religiousness in nursing homes and thus providing people with opportunities to practice their religion until the end of their days.
Uushenkisen kentän mahdollistajat: FreeFlowFactory osana lumon ketjua
FreeFlowFactory: One Link in the Chain of En- chantment in the Field of New Spirituality — The change in Finnish society in the 21st cen- tury has also affected the religious field, and new forms of religiosity and spirituality have emerged. The use of spiritual services and their produc- tion are related to modern consumerism and individualized spirituality. I use the concepts of lived religion, new spirituality and enchantment to analyse the activities of FreeFlowFactory. My research shows that multidisciplinary expertise is needed to produce Irish mystic Lorna Byrne’s talks, alongside a wide variety of collaboration, to keep participants consistently engaged after each event. FreeFlowFactory works as an enabler at Byrne’s events, as one link in the larger chain of enchantment.
Nopanheittokielto uskonnonfilosofisena kysymyksenä
Dice Prohibition from the Perspective of the Philosophy of Religion — In this article, the canonical ban on the playing of dice games is analysed from the point of view of the philosophy of religion. It first addresses the re- lationship between canons and the current debate on gambling then examines theological themes of probabilistic reasoning in Blaise Pascal’s classic wager argument and Richard Swinburne’s proba- bilistic proof of the existence of God. The latter is then compared with the views expressed in the patristic tradition, in particular with the themes set out by Athanasius in The Incarnation and with the Hesychastic tradition as interpreted in light of the Origenist tradition and, in particular, the theology of Evagrios Pontus, considered a cor- rection of that expounded in pseudo-Makarios’s Homilies. The article provides new philosophical insights for interpreting canons in theology and in the larger intellectual discussion.
Katsauksia ja keskustelua
Koulun katsomusopetuksessa ei ole kyse uskontoon sitouttamisesta vaan yleissivistyksestä: Kolumni
Synodaalisella tyylillä: Kohti kolmannen vuosituhannen katolista kirkkoa
Teologian ja uskonnontutkimuksen uudet professorit
Keskiajan filosofian tutkimuksen konferenssi Pariisissa 22.–26.8.2022
- Kari Kopperi & Risto Saarinen. Läsnäoleva Kristus. Tuomo Mannermaan koulu teologian ja kirkon asialla (Auli Vähäkangas)
- Teemu Pauha & Johanna Konttori (toim.). Suomalaiset muslimit (Saila Kujanpää)
- Heli Harjunpää. Hiljaisuuden jooga® Ohjaajan opas (Heidi Zitting)
- Paavo Kettunen. Kuka minä todella olen? Kätkössä olevaa minuutta etsimässä (Saku Toiviainen)
- Sari Katajala-Peltomaa, Jenni Kuuliala ja Marika Räsänen. Verta vuotava kuva ja muita outoja ihmeitä: Eletty usko myöhäiskeskiajalla (Leena Enqvist)
- Richard Price (käänt.) & Thomas Graumann (toim.). The Council of Ephesus of 431: Documents and Proceedings (Jelisei Heikkilä)
- Ryan S. Schellenberg. Abject Joy: Paul, Prison, and the Art of Making Do (Marika Pulkkinen)